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Isaiah 53 from the Aleppo Codex




Who has believed Our report? And to whom has the arm of יהוה been revealed? For He comes up as a tender plant before Him, and as a Root out of a dry ground. He has no form, nor honor, when we observe Him, nor beauty, that we should desire Him. He was despised, and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief. And as one hiding His countenance from us, He was despised, and we did not esteem Him. Surely He has borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows, yet we esteemed Him stricken, smitten by Elohim, and afflicted. And He was pierced for our transgressions, bruised for our iniquities, the punishment that brought us peace was upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray, we have turned each to his own way, and יהוה has laid on Him את the punishment of us all. He was oppressed and He was afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth. He was led as a Lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before its shearers is silent, He did not open His mouth. By oppression and trial was taken away, and who can speak of את His descendants? For He was cut off from the land of the living, for the transgressions of My people He was stricken. And He made His grave with את the wicked, and with את the rich in His death, because He had done no violence, nor was any deceit in His mouth. Yet it pleased יהוה to bruise Him and to cause Him to suffer, and though יהוה makes His life an offering for sin, He will see His offspring and prolong His days, and the will of יהוה will prosper in His hand. He shall see the labor of His soul, and be satisfied. By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many, for He shall bear their iniquities. Therefore I will give Him a portion with the great, and shall divide את the spoil with the strong, because He poured out His soul even to death, and was numbered with את the transgressors, and He bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

The Parashah Cycle


The Torah of  יהוה

An ancient Torah Scroll written in Hebrew and opened to a column showing Exodus 15:1-19.

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy comprise the first five books of Scripture. These five books are called the Torah of Moses a total of 20 times in Scripture, and are simply called the Torah. These books are also known as the Pentateuch. The Torah contains the written statutes, right rulings and commandments of  יהוה and has been referred to as the Law, although the precise meaning of the Torah is hitting the mark.

The word Torah derives from the Hebrew yarah which figuratively refers to an archer shooting an arrow straightly. Torah carries the idea of pointing in the right direction or hitting the mark, while sin carries the idea of missing the mark. The instructions of  יהוה in the Torah are there to point all people in the right direction that they might enter into the Age of Life.

As a result of the promises made to Abraham, and the saving work of  יהושע the Messiah, anyone who embraces and lives by the narrow way of the Torah - who believes and obeys  יהושע the Messiah, will enter into the Age of Life in Jubilee Year 120 since the creation (Genesis 6:3).


The Parashah

Tradition holds that in the fifth century B.C.E., Ezra the scribe and the 120 elders of the Great Assembly created an annual reading schedule in which the entire Torah could be read in one year. They divided the Torah into sections and read one section each Sabbath. Each individual section was called a Parashah. Collectively, all the readings were called parashot.

Parashah means portion and masoretic codices exist which exhibit Parashah divisions. The title of each Parashah typically consists of a few Hebrew words from within the first verse of the Parashah. Parashot are not divided according to the modern chapter breaks in Scripture. In the Creation Calendar, the Torah is divided into 54 parashot. Each Parashah can be further divided into seven subsections called aliyot.

With the possible exception of the last Parashah, parashot are read sequentially throughout the year on weekly Sabbaths. The appointed time of Shemini Atzeret occurs on Day 22 of Month 7 according to Leviticus 23:36. The annual reading of the Torah begins with the first Parashah Bereshit which is read on the first weekly Sabbath after Shemini Atzeret. The last Parashah Ve-Zot Ha-Berakhah is always read on Day 21 of Month 7 whether it is a weekly Sabbath or not. Ve-Zot Ha-Berakhah, translated as And This is the Blessing, is the only Parashah which is read on a calendrical date rather than on a weekly Sabbath.

Day 21 of Month 7 is called the Day of Salvation or Hoshana Rabbah. Hoshana Rabbah is traditionally the day when the Torah scroll is carried around the inside of the synagogue, making the seven circuits. This commemorates the events that happened on the seventh day the Israelites marched around Jericho when Joshua entered the Promised Land. According to Leviticus 23:34, Day 21 of Month 7 is the seventh day of the festival of Sukkot which is in the seventh month. This day is historically and prophetically significant as it was the day the Messiah stood in the Second Temple and spoke these words:

John 7:37-39 In the last, the great day of the feast,  יהושע stood and cried, saying, "If any one is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his innermost being will flow rivers of living water." But this He spoke concerning the Spirit, whom those believing in Him were about to receive; for the Set-Apart Spirit was not yet given, because  יהושע was not yet esteemed.

The Messiah was saying that anyone who believed Him would become a renewed spiritual being who would ultimately inherit the Age of Life.  יהושע the Messiah spoke these words on the very day that Parashah #54 is to be read. The idea that Israel would become a renewed spiritual nation in the Age of Life was the blessing Moses was talking about in Parashah #54 And This is the Blessing.

Deuteronomy 33:26-29 There is none like the El of Jeshurun, who rides on the heavens to help you, and in the clouds in His majesty. The eternal Elohim is your refuge, and beneath are His arms during the ages. He will cast out your enemy before you, saying, "Destroy him!" Then shall Israel dwell in safety - Jacob's spring secure in a land of grain and new wine, where the heavens drop dew. Blessed are you, O Israel! Who is like you? A people saved by  יהוה - He is your shield and help, and your excellent sword. Your enemies are subdued for you, and you will trample down their high places.

The 54 parashot are traditionally read once every year in a cycle known as the Parashah cycle. However, the Parashah is not read on weekly Sabbaths occurring on or during the appointed times which are described in Leviticus 23:4-44, as there are special readings for those days. The Parashah cycle is referred to by James in Acts 15:19-21 when he gave a ruling concerning the minimum requirements of fellowship for new believers joining the community of faith in  יהושע the Messiah.

Acts 15:19-21 Therefore my judgment is not to trouble those who from the nations are turning to Elohim, but to write to them to abstain from the defilement of idolatry, and from sexual immorality, and from strangled things, and from blood. For Moses has been taught throughout many generations in every city, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath.

James concludes his ruling with the statement that the Torah of Moses had been taught throughout many generations in synagogues every Sabbath. He ruled that all new believers must abstain from idolatrous worship (worship of images, worship of demons, worship involving pagan rituals, worship of Elohim in a way He did not prescribe), sexual immorality (pre-marital sex, adultery, rape, incest, homosexuality, bestiality) and from strangled things and from blood (eating unclean animals, fish, birds or insects that do not comply with Leviticus 11:1-47 or eating clean animals that have not been properly slaughtered with the blood properly removed). An open letter with this ruling was preserved for posterity in Acts 15:23-29.

Acts 15:23-29 The apostles, the elders, and the brothers, To the brothers in Antioch, Syria, and Cilicia: Greetings. Since we have heard that some who went out from us have troubled you with words, subverting your souls, saying, "You must be circumcised," to whom we gave no charge, It seemed good to us, having come together with one accord, to send chosen men to you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul - men who have surrendered their lives for the name of our Master  יהושע Messiah. We have therefore sent Judas and Silas, who will also declare the same thing by word of mouth. For it seemed good to the Set-Apart Spirit and to us to lay upon you no greater burden, except these necessary things: to abstain from idolatrous worship, and blood, and strangled things, and sexual immorality; If you keep yourselves free from such things, you will do well. Be strong!

The logic James gives for his decision is that these instructions have been taught for generations in the weekly Parashah cycle, and they will continue to be taught. James looked to the Torah in making his ruling. Parashah #26 Shemini deals with the difference between the clean and the unclean (Leviticus 11:1-47). Parashah #29 Acharei Mot deals with the Scriptural definition of food: a clean animal not strangled that has been drained of its life blood (Leviticus 17:10-16), and with sexual immorality (Leviticus 18:1-30). Parashah #17 Yitro and Parashah #45 Va-Ethchanan deal with idolatry in the first three of the 10 commandments (Exodus 20:1-17, Deuteronomy 5:1-22).

As years in the Creation Calendar can have 12 or 13 lunar months, and appointed times can occur on weekly Sabbaths, the total number of available days when the Parashah is read can vary from year to year. For any given year, it can range from 47 to 54 reading days. Traditionally, this problem has been resolved by providing from 1 to 7 doublings where two sequential Parashah portions are read together on certain Sabbaths.

The original intent and purpose of the ancient Parashah Cycle has been restored in the Creation Calendar at TorahCalendar.com. The Creation Calendar offers Parashah readings for any year selected. The Rabbinic Calendar operates under certain unscriptural "rules of postponement."  יהוה gave no rules of postponement for His appointed times in Leviticus 23:1-44. All rules of postponent are contrary to Elohim. The assignment of Parashah readings on the Creation Calendar will differ from those on the Rabbinic Calendar. When viewing months in the Creation Calendar, click on any Sabbath day to see the corresponding Parashah readings.


The Haftarah

A fragment of the Book of Isaiah from the Dead Sea Scrolls.

The Haftarah consists of additional readings taken mostly from the Prophets (Nevi'im) as well as some from the Writings (Ketuvim). The Haftarah portions are generally read after the Torah readings as part of the weekly Parashah cycle. These readings generally have a thematic link with the corresponding Parashah readings.

Historically, the origins of the Haftarah are uncertain. When Judea was under the rule of the Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes between 176 B.C.E. to 166 B.C.E., the reading of the Torah was forbidden. Some historians believe that the Haftarah cycle originated during that time. Later, when it was once again possible to read the Torah, the Haftarah cycle was retained and incorporated into the Parashah cycle.


The 54 Parashah Readings

#1

Bereshit

Genesis 1:1-6:8
"In the Beginning"

#19

Terumah

Exodus 25:1-27:19
"An Offering"

#37

Shelach

Numbers 13:1-15:41
"Send"

#2

Noach

Genesis 6:9-11:32
"Noah"

#20

Tetzaveh

Exodus 27:20-30:10
"You Shall Command"

#38

Korach

Numbers 16:1-18:32
"Korah"

#3

Lekh Lekha

Genesis 12:1-17:27
"Go Out"

#21

Ki Tissa

Exodus 30:11-34:35
"When You Take"

#39

Chukat

Numbers 19:1-22:1
"The Ordinance Of"

#4

Vayera

Genesis 18:1-22:24
"And He Appeared"

#22

Va-Yakhel

Exodus 35:1-38:20
"Gathered Together"

#40

Balak

Numbers 22:2-25:9
"Balak"

#5

Chayei Sarah

Genesis 23:1-25:18
"Life of Sarah"

#23

Pekudei

Exodus 38:21-40:38
"The Inventory"

#41

Pinchas

Numbers 25:10-29:40
"Phinehas"

#6

Toledot

Genesis 25:19-28:9
"Generations"

#24

Va-Yikra

Leviticus 1:1-6:7
"And He Called"

#42

Mattot

Numbers 30:1-32:42
"Tribes"

#7

Va-Yetzei

Genesis 28:10-32:2
"And He Went Out"

#25

Tzav

Leviticus 6:8-8:36
"Command"

#43

Masei

Numbers 33:1-36:13
"The Journeys Of"

#8

Va-Yishlach

Genesis 32:3-36:43
"And He Sent"

#26

Shemini

Leviticus 9:1-11:47
"The Eighth"

#44

Devarim

Deuteronomy 1:1-3:22
"Words"

#9

Va-Yeshev

Genesis 37:1-40:23
"And He Settled"

#27

Tazria

Leviticus 12:1-13:59
"Conceived Seed"

#45

Va-Ethchanan

Deuteronomy 3:23-7:11
"And I Pleaded"

#10

Mi-Ketz

Genesis 41:1-44:17
"At the End Of"

#28

Metzora

Leviticus 14:1-15:33
"Leper"

#46

Ekev

Deuteronomy 7:12-11:25
"Reward From"

#11

Va-Yiggash

Genesis 44:18-47:27
"And He Drew Near"

#29

Acharei Mot

Leviticus 16:1-18:30
"After the Death"

#47

Re'eh

Deuteronomy 11:26-16:17
"See!"

#12

Va-Yechi

Genesis 47:28-50:26
"And He Lived"

#30

Kedoshim

Leviticus 19:1-20:27
"Set Apart"

#48

Shoftim

Deuteronomy 16:18-21:9
"Judges"

#13

Shemot

Exodus 1:1-6:1
"The Names"

#31

Emor

Leviticus 21:1-24:23
"Speak"

#49

Ki Teitzei

Deuteronomy 21:10-25:19
"When You Go Out"

#14

Va-Era

Exodus 6:2-9:35
"And I Appeared"

#32

Be-Har

Leviticus 25:1-26:2
"On the Mountain"

#50

Ki Tavo

Deuteronomy 26:1-29:9
"When You Enter"

#15

Bo

Exodus 10:1-13:16
"Go"

#33

Be-Chukotai

Leviticus 26:3-27:34
"In My Statutes"

#51

Nitzavim

Deuteronomy 29:10-30:20
"You Are Standing"

#16

Be-Shallach

Exodus 13:17-17:16
"When He Had Sent"

#34

Be-Midbar

Numbers 1:1-4:20
"In the Wilderness"

#52

Va-Yelech

Deuteronomy 31:1-30
"And He Went"

#17

Yitro

Exodus 18:1-20:26
"Jethro"

#35

Naso

Numbers 4:21-7:89
"Take"

#53

Ha 'azinu

Deuteronomy 32:1-52
"Give Ear"

#18

Mishpatim

Exodus 21:1-24:18
"The Judgments"

#36

Beha'alotekha

Numbers 8:1-12:16
"When You Kindle"

#54

Ve-Zot Ha-Berakhah

Deuteronomy 33:1-34:12
"And This Is The Blessing"


The 7 Parashah Doublings

There are seven defined Parashah doublings in which two sequential Parashah portions are read on the same Sabbath. Obviously, there are no doublings needed in years having 54 available reading days, yet all seven doubling sets must be used in years having only 47 reading days. Doubling sets occur starting with the lowest numbered doubling sets and progressing to the higher numbered doubling sets as necessary.

#22
#23

Va-Yakhel
Pekudei

#27
#28

Tazria
Metzora

#29
#30

Acharei Mot
Kedoshim

#32
#33

Be-Har
Be-Chukotai

#39
#40

Chukat
Balak

#42
#43

Mattot
Masei

#51
#52

Nitzavim
Va-Yelech

Move your mouse cursor over these tiles to see how the Parashah Doublings work.

7

Doublings

6

Doublings

5

Doublings

4

Doublings

3

Doublings

2

Doublings

1

Doubling

0

Doublings

54 Available Reading Days

In the diagram above, each small numbered yellow square represents one of the 54 Parashah readings. Whenever a Parashah doubling occurs, all the squares after the doubling are shifted downward by one row making it easy to identify doublings. The gray line and arrows show the number of Parashah reading days available in the year for the corresponding number of doublings shown.

In the 7000 year Creation Calendar, there are 7000 theoretical Parashah Cycles. Some years require the use of one or more Parashah doublings. The most common Parashah Cycle length is 49 reading days requiring five Parashah doublings. The rarest Parashah Cycle length is 51 reading days in which there are three Parashah doublings. The table below reveals statistics on the Parashah cycle in the 7000 year Creation Calendar. Modern examples of the Parashah cycle ranging from 47 to 54 reading days are given.

Parashah
Cycle
Length

Number of
Years Having
This Length

Parashah
Doublings
Required

Starting Dates for
Modern Examples of
Parashah Cycle Lengths


47 reading days
48 reading days
49 reading days
50 reading days
51 reading days
52 reading days
53 reading days
54 reading days

111 years
1,231 years
1,880 years
1,200 years
48 years
387 years
1,351 years
792 years

7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0


7,000 years

Annual Parashah Reading Calendar

Printable Annual Parashah reading calendars are available below and are provided as two types of PDF files. Two forms exist because the traditional verse divisions in the Hebrew Scriptures differ slightly from those found in the Standard Scriptures. Select the Parashah PDF schedule that matches the version of Scriptures you use.

Standard Scriptures Version

Hebrew Scriptures Version

John 5:46-47

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