The Creation Calendar shows Hebrew
Months which begin at each new moon.
Enter the Gregorian Calendar date to see
the corresponding Hebrew Month, OR
a Hebrew Month and Gregorian year.
from the Aleppo Codex
Who has believed Our report? And to whom has the arm of
For He comes up as a tender plant before Him, and as a Root out of a dry ground.
He has no form, nor honor, when we observe Him, nor beauty, that we should desire Him.
He was despised, and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief. And
as one hiding His countenance from us, He was despised, and we did not esteem Him.
Surely He has borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows, yet we esteemed Him stricken, smitten
by Elohim, and afflicted.
And He was pierced for our transgressions, bruised for our iniquities, the punishment that
brought us peace was upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed.
All we like sheep have gone astray, we have turned each to his own way, and
laid on Him
the punishment of us all.
He was oppressed and He was afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth. He was led as a Lamb
to the slaughter, and as a sheep before its shearers is silent, He did not open His mouth.
By oppression and trial was taken away, and who can speak of
His descendants? For He
was cut off from the land of the living, for the transgressions of My people He was stricken.
And He made His grave with
the wicked, and with
the rich in His death, because He
had done no violence, nor was any deceit in His mouth.
Yet it pleased
to bruise Him and to cause Him to suffer, and though
makes His life
an offering for sin, He will see His offspring and prolong His days, and the will of
will prosper in His hand.
He shall see the labor of His soul, and be satisfied. By His knowledge My righteous Servant
shall justify many, for He shall bear their iniquities.
Therefore I will give Him a portion with the great, and shall divide
the spoil with the
strong, because He poured out His soul even to death, and was numbered with
the transgressors, and
He bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
The Calendar Restoration Project
The Creation Calendar at TorahCalendar.com is a faithful restoration of
the original calendar used since creation. Research derived from a combination
of sources including the Scriptures, ancient historical records and advanced lunar and
planetary motion theories has culminated in the restoration of the Creation Calendar.
One of the purposes of this effort has been the restoration of the Scriptural
reckoning of hours, days, months and years based on the positioning of the earth, moon
and sun as was done in ancient times.
An Electronic Eyewitness
Scientific advancements in the field of celestial mechanics have increased
rapidly since the mid 1980's. For decades, advanced technology has allowed
scientists to characterize and understand the complex
motions of the moon and its distance from the earth. As a result, powerful
analytical theories for predicting the positions of the moon and the planets have
emerged. Considering the tremendous advancements in computing power in recent years,
the time has finally arrived when it is possible to precisely determine the
positions of the sun, moon and earth for any point in time.
Lunar and solar position computations used in restoring the Creation Calendar at
TorahCalendar.com are obtained from a C program component provided by Stephen L. Moshier.
This program adjusts the ELP2000-85 analytical lunar theory of Chapront-Touze and
Chapront to fit the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's DE404 long ephemeris on the interval
from 3000 B.C.E. to 3000 C.E.
The precision of the lunar ephemeris in the
Creation Calendar computes timing for the exact position of the
moon accurate to within
±30 minutes at 4000 B.C.E.
The Creation Calendar program places Day 15 of Month 1 on or after
the Hebrew Day of the spring equinox. The new moon is determined by the criteria
of the first possible, visible, lunar crescent as seen from Jerusalem,
assuming ideal viewing conditions. This criteria was used by Israel
when Jerusalem became its capital. The Creation Calendar was still used during the
Second Temple period during the time of
The Creation Calendar, first used by Adam and Hawah at the beginning of creation,
was largely abandoned after the Judeans were dispersed after the failed
Bar Kokhba revolt in Year 18 of Hadrian in 134 C.E. It was eventually replaced by
the modern Rabbinic Calendar in 359 C.E. by Hillel II during the reign of the Roman
Emperor Julian the Apostate. Hillel II was the "Nasi," or president, of the
Sanhedrin between 320 - 385 C.E.
The Creation Calendar is
not the Rabbinic Calendar, but is a retro-calculated and forward
calculated calendar based on a precise scientific knowledge of the complex motions
of the moon. The Creation Calendar implements the rules followed by Israel from the
time it was established as a nation under Moses in
until the time that Hillel II changed times and laws during the reign of Julian
the Apostate in 359 C.E.
The Creation Calendar at TorahCalendar.com serves as an electronic eyewitness
for determining when any new moon is potentially visible in Jerusalem. This
becomes especially useful when the new moon cannot be sighted in Jerusalem due
to smog, haze, pollution or clouds. Its true potential value, however, is that
it accurately reconstructs the new moon as seen from Jerusalem in the historical
past and far off into the distant future. It is for those desiring to observe
the appointed times of
according to stringent scientific, historical and Scriptural requirements. The moon
has been established as a faithful witness for this purpose
Other Scientific Considerations
Comparing accurate ephemeris results against observations of eclipses recorded
in ancient times, scientists have determined that the earth's daily rotational rate is
slowing down. This is caused by tidal friction resulting in the gradual transfer of
kinetic energy from the earth to the moon. Using the accepted coefficient
of lunar tidal acceleration value of -25.858 ± 0.003"/century², the
TorahCalendar.com corrects for these effects. To find the time of day (Universal Time)
for any date in history using astronomical ephemedrides, a time correction known as
Delta T must be used to correct for this gradual change in earth's rotational rate.
Delta T is determined by subtracting Universal Time from the theoretical uniform
Terrestrial Time scale (TT). Practical realization for determining precise TT
became possible beginning in the 1950's with the invention and refinement of the
modern Cesium Atomic Clock.
In the Creation Calendar, the new moon is indicated on the day of the Rosh Chodesh
- the first visible crescent which follows after the actual astronomical
Each new moon is calculated from its precise topocentric relation to the sun. The angular
distance between the sun and moon, called the
Arc of Light (ARCL), and the amount of twilight after sundown, known as
the Arc of Vision (ARCV), are used to determine if the moon's crescent
will be visible from Jerusalem for any given evening.
History of the Calendar
The Talmud records that in first century Judea, the calendar used during the Second
Temple period was based on the actual observation of the first visible crescent of
the new moon as seen from Jerusalem. The first century Judean calendar also placed
Day 15 of Month 1 on or after the Hebrew Day of the spring equinox.
The Babylonians, Persians, Assyrians and Greeks also began their months with the first
visible crescent of the new moon, however they did not always intercalate in the
same way the Judeans did. For example, it is possible to determine
from the double dated Elephantine Letters, with Persian and Egyptian dates,
that the Persians did not intercalate like the Judeans between 458 - 351 B.C.E.
For in these years, the Persians placed Day 1 of Month 1 after the
day of the spring equinox.
Expulsion of the Judeans in the Reign of the Emperor Hadrian (134 C.E.): "How Heraclius
turned the Judeans out of Jerusalem." - Fac-simile of a Miniature in the "Histoire des
Empereurs," Manuscript of the 15th Century, in the Library of the Arsenal, Paris.
Sometime after the dispersion in 134 C.E., when the Judeans were exiled from Judea,
they were forced to rely on calculation of the new moon or on local
observation where they resettled. As Rabbinic Judaism departed from the true worship
of Elohim, the Rabbinic Calendar was implemented in 359 C.E. by Hillel II based on
the 19-year Metonic cycle of the Greek astronomer Meton of Athens.
The Rabbinic Calendar, still in use today, has pre-determined month lengths not intended
to align with the Rosh Chodesh - the first visible crescent new moon.
Its other flaws include manmade rules of
postponement for certain appointed times and the failure to intercalate based on
the spring equinox.
The Rabbinic Calendar did not exist and was not in use
at any time in Israel's history prior to 359 C.E. The Creation Calendar of
as handed down from Moses was used by
the Messiah and the temple priests of His time.
Some scholars have mistaken the modern Rabbinic Calendar for the original
Creation Calendar, attempting to calculate it back into the first century, complete with
its many defects. Such error leads them to the wrong conclusions regarding the
chronology of the death and resurrection of
the Messiah, as well as incorrect prophetical
The Roman Julian Calendar was a fixed solar calendar locked with the seasons having
no relationship with the moon. It existed up until
October 4, 1582 C.E. (the "10 Day Gap")
when it was
replaced in Rome by the current Gregorian Calendar named after Pope Gregory XIII.
The Gregorian Calendar is a reform of the Julian Calendar and is
the most widely used calendar in the world today.
However, the Gregorian Calendar is of pagan origin. This is evidenced by
the pagan names given for its months, its days of the week and its festivals.
It is a solar calendar not based on the movements of the moon.
Therefore, the Gregorian Calendar is of no relevance
with respect to Scriptural times and dates.
In summary, neither the modern Rabbinic Calendar nor any other calendar
supports the proper observance of the appointed times of the Creator.
Only the restored Creation Calendar which was in use when
the Messiah was last on
earth, is the true calendar of the Creator. Using the best available lunar and
planetary motion theories coupled with modern computers, Torahcalendar.com provides
the first accurate measuring timepiece for studying historic and future events
revealed in the Scriptures.